Food Supply Chain

Did you know that global food production accounts for approximately 30 percent of the world’s total energy consumption? Utilizing 25 percent of all habitable land, global food production is the single largest driver of biodiversity loss and land-use change. Moreover, food production is responsible for 80 percent of deforestation and 70 percent of fresh water consumption. Over 550 billion cubic meters (m3) of water is wasted globally raising crops and animals that never even reach the consumer. 

It is easy to underestimate the nexus between food, energy, and climate. In addition to food production, a large portion of food’s carbon footprint (sometimes called a “foodprint”) comes from processing and transportation. In developed countries, the energy used for food processing, transport, and preparation is about three to four times the amount used for primary production. 

Investing in more sustainable methods of harvesting, cooling, and packaging food, as well as improving communication between producers and consumers, are key to managing the supply chain more efficiently in the future. In the meantime, here are some tips to reduce your personal impact: